Purpose. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the utilization of hybrid-online and fully-online instruction in health professional education. Physical (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) programs have become increasingly reliant upon this mode of instruction. Therefore, it is important to understand advising strategies for this educational environment. Faculty advisors may endorse specific learning strategies over others. However, advising strategies of faculty are not well represented in the scientific literature. Methods. A qualitative phenomenological design used a six-item, open-ended questionnaire to purposefully survey faculty members teaching and advising students in hybrid-online PT and OT graduate programs during COVID-19. Dedoose® v.9.4 qualitative software (Los Angeles, CA; 2021) was used to perform coding and thematic analysis. Three investigators performed data analysis to reach consensus on the organization of emerging codes and themes. Results. A sample of N=36 participants was collected from three states: Florida 14(38.9%); Texas 12(33.3%); California 10(27.8%). Total N(%) of PT and OT faculty enrolled were 26(72%) and 10(28%), respectively. Years teaching in hybrid-online programs N(%) was: 1-4 years 20(55.6%); 5-9 years 8(22.2%); 10-14 years 5(13.9%); 15+ years 4(11.1%). Thematic analysis revealed three major themes: Self-regulated Behaviors, Student Engagement, and Studying Strategies. Self-regulated Behaviors and Student Engagement were most prevalent among participant narratives. Coded responses such as “ ‘time management’, ‘preparedness’, ‘chunking study time’, ‘daily engagement with learning material’, ‘work/life balance’, and ‘peer-to-peer teaching’” were positively associated with perceived student success. Conversely, “’procrastination/cramming’, ‘poor work ethic’, ‘lack of engagement’, ‘lack of preparedness’, and ‘rote memorization’” were negatively associated with perceived student success. Discussion. This study identified faculty perceptions of student strategies for success in hybrid-online health professional learning. The self-regulated behaviors of time management, preparedness, work/life balance, and the engagement behaviors of daily engagement with course materials, content application, class participation, and peer collaboration strongly emerged. These findings may help guide novice faculty advisors as hybrid-online instruction becomes more frequently leveraged across health professional education programs.
Pucillo, Evan M.; Perez, Gabriela; and Pilgrim, Leiselle
"Faculty perceptions of health professional students’ hybrid-online learning strategies: A multi-center qualitative study,"
Health Professions Education: Vol. 9:
2, Article 6.
Available at: https://hpe.researchcommons.org/journal/vol9/iss2/6